A diabetic condition is synonymous with the development of eye, heart, nerve and kidney problems. Apart from inhibiting a faster healing process, diabetes also increases the susceptibility of developing various infections including periodontal infections. Poorly managed blood sugar levels can also lead to the development of periodontal diseases. People with diabetes are at a higher risk of periodontal diseases.
Periodontal diseases are a common bacterial infection of the gum and teeth, which can in time, destroy the dental structure that holds the teeth in place. In advanced stages, periodontal disease causes painful chewing problems and can even lead to tooth loss. And just like any other infection, periodontal disease can make it extremely hard to control the blood sugar levels.
Connection between Diabetes and Periodontal Diseases
Periodontal diseases are directly linked to diabetic control. People with poor blood sugar control are more prone to getting periodontal diseases and losing more teeth than individuals with good control. Additionally, children with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) are at a higher risk of developing periodontal diseases. Research indicates that having control over the blood sugar levels is a fool-proof of lowering the risks of some diabetes related complications. Researchers believe that many complications, including periodontal infections, can be prevented using an effective diabetic control.
Blood Vessels Change
One of the major complications associated with diabetes is the thickening of blood levels. Blood vessels are used to deliver oxygen and other nourishments such as oxygen to different parts of the body, including the mouth. Also, the blood vessels are tasked with carrying away waste products from the tissues. Diabetes causes the constriction of the blood vessels, therefore inhibiting an effective supply of nutrients and removal of waste from the mouth. The slowed process can weaken the resistance of the bone tissues and the gums to infections.
Most of the bacteria thrive on sugars, including the blood sugar glucose that is linked to diabetes. Therefore when the blood sugar glucose is not managed accordingly, the highly concentrated fluids present in the mouth may set an ideal stage for the development of periodontal-causing bacteria.